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巴西將於年底前汰除幻象2000戰機

The two years passed, but the decision on F-X2 is still pending and now, even the extra life of these Mirages has been depleted, with the jets reaching the absolute end of their operational life, and no further investment is in sight for further modernization. Since Brazil acquired the old variant (B/C) of Mirage 2000 it was not well equipped, and carried relatively obsolete weapons – Matra 530D and Magic II missiles. The radar did not provide Beyond Visual Range capability while navigation equipment was far from state of the art. The political changes in Brasilia, with the new president and defense minister at the helm means that the jets, bought by the former regime, will not be missed.

To fill the gap the Brazilian Air Force is planning to replace those jets with 6-12 modernized F-5Es obtained from the Royal Jordanian Air Force. Embraer is upgrading these fighters under a comprehensive modernization plan that initially included older Brazilian Air Force F-5E/Fs. Sofar 46 planes have gone through the upgrade and 11 more are planned to enter the process. While the F-5E has been upgraded with modern avionics and weaponry, its radar falls short of the radar carried by the Mirage 2000.

The Brazilian Air Force has examined several options for acquiring modernized second-hand fighters, but rejected those proposals, as it is about to decide on the $4.5–6 billion F-X2 acquisition (which has been dragged over more than a decade). For the F-X2 Brazil is considering three Generation 4.5 fighters – The US made Boeing Super-Hornet, Swedish developed SAAB Gripen NG and Dassault Rafale from France.


巴西計畫汰除服役中的12架幻象2000C/B型戰機,由第一防空作戰隊操作,目前作為國家空防武力的支柱。此款噴射戰鬥機亦以「美洲豹」之名為人所知,駐地位於安那波理斯(Annapolis),距離首都巴西利亞約140公里。本型戰鬥機為2005年以剩餘物資方式以74千萬元金額自法國空軍購入,取代舊式幻象 ⅢBR型戰機。法國在2006,2007及2008分三批運交。當時,這些翻新戰機的預期剩餘壽命應至少有16-18年(直到2025),然而,在僅六年後小規模機隊的多數耗盡操作壽命,並需要臨時延壽計畫以確保服役直到下一代F-X2服役。
 
經過了兩年,對F-X2仍然懸而未決,甚至這些幻象戰機的壽命已經用盡,當噴射機達到操作壽命的絕對終點,並且
未來看不到性能提升。既然巴西獲得舊型的幻象2000(B/C)並未良好武裝,並使用相對過時的武器超級530D及魔法二型飛彈。雷達無行視距外空戰能力,而導航設備遠遜於最新技術。巴西利亞政黨輪替,新總統及國防部長掌舵意味著不會放過這些由前政權購買的戰鬥機。
 
為填補空隙,巴西空軍規劃以6-12架購自皇家約旦空軍,經性能提升後的F-5E取代這些幻象戰機。巴西航空工業公司(Embraer)在綜合性能提升計畫下正在升級這些戰機,該計畫初始包含巴西空軍原有的F-5E/F。目前已經完成46架升級,並規劃再升級11架。當F-5E已經升級現代化航電及武器,其雷達落後幻象2000搭載的雷達不多。

巴西空軍檢視了獲得經過性能提升的二手戰機的數個選項,但拒絕了這些提案,當現在大約是決定45億至60億的F-X2採購計畫(已延宕了超過兩年)的時候。對F-X2巴西考慮三款四代半戰機─美製波音超級大黃蜂,瑞典研製的紳寶鷹獅NG及法國達梭飆風戰機。
 
 
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